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| The initial moves to investigate open source in the public sector,
| about three years ago, were born out of concerns over fixed-terms
| oftware licences, Microsoft anti-trust cases, a desire to pass benefits
| onto local communities rather than global corporations, efficiencya
| nd maturity in the industry, he said.
| Countries in this first phase, which occurred between 2003 and 2005,
| examined open source from the perspective of emotion, indifference or
| interest. However, the global situation is now dominated by a sense of
| what Di Maio calls "realism".
| Countries such as the US, some in Europe and Asia are either
| investigating moving to OSS, or already implementing the software.
| SA, however, is still at the first stage.
| When Munich made the decision to move its entire 14 000 PC operation to
| open source recently, it calculated both the visible software costs as
| well as intangible costs such as the impact on IT security and concluded
| that open source was cheaper.